Duck like Dinosaurs Species found

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Dinosaurs have always been a mystery for human being and have always been a subject of experiment and finding something new about them.

Recently a new species of Dinosaurs has been found and is named Halszkaraptor esuilliei after Polish palaeontologist Halszka Osmolska.

This species has a bill like a duck, teeth like a croc’s, a swanlike neck and killer claws, flippers like a penguin but walked like an ostrich. This meat eating Dino can also swim making it the first of its kind having swimming ability. Though the creature could run and swim but it was not able to fly.

This tiny creature only about 45 centimeters tall roamed about 75 million years ago in area which is now Mangolia.

Scientists believe that this creature would likely have been comfortable both on the water surface and on the land, making it a particularly versatile carnivore.

The full research paper was published in the magazine Nature.

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Women vs champion rowers-Women are stronger

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Prehistoric women were stronger than modern rowers.

Tiling soil and grinding grain for hours gave women more strength and gave them super power arm muscles.

Repeated exercise of lack of it can affect bone density, curvature and shape.

Unlike rowers who perform repeated tasks, prehistoric women performed multiple tasks that may not be repetitive like fetching water and food for livestock, processing meat and milk and converting hides and wool into textiles.

As per Alison Macintosh researcher at Cambridge University, this is the first study to compare prehistoric women to modern day rowers where arm and leg bones were scanned through small CT scanner. The study compared women from early Neolithic agricultural eras to farming communities of the Middle Ages.

The bones of women for both eras were same in size but strength wise earlier women (living 7000-7400 years ago) were 11-16% stronger than modern rowers and about 30% stronger than typical Cambridge students.

If Rohingyas are illegal migrants so are Desi people settling abroad

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India had taken stand on Rohingyas to deport them from India and send them back to their native place Rakhine, Myanmar as they were illegal migrants.

But what about its own citizens who illegally emigrated to various countries across the globe.

It was ridiculous to hear Union home minister Rajnath Singh taking a technical stand that Rohingyas did not follow the proper protocol to enter India as refugees. Since India has not signed any specific UN convention, it will not break any international law by sending them back.

Thousands of Indians emigrated to countries UK and USA besides many European nations. In USA about 5 lakhs Indians are living as illegal migrants. UK identified about 1000 illegal Indian migrants.

Considering this mass exodus, The Emigration Act, 1983 was made to prevent this but the law has many flaws.

This law (The Emigration Act, 1983) is the only central statute to manage migration from the country. The law mentions registration of agents who send people abroad but does not mention consultants. Hence this loophole is misused as people going abroad register themselves in any university or college and then start working without valid documents.

One attempt was done by Punjab in plugging the gap by introducing Punjab Travel Professionals Regulation Act, 2012. The act mentions that anyone in the capacity of a consultant or an agent needs to be registered with the state government, file IT returns, must have no criminal record and must have a small office.

A good indicator is the importance of issuing travel advisories by external affairs ministry. But they are so sketchy that most people do not notice this and travel abroad undeterred.

The time has come that Indians government should put its own house in order and make a law to reduce number of people going abroad illegally.

Indian villagers making money in foreign currency

 

There are many people living in Meghalaya, a north eastern state in India who cross borders and trek to Bangladesh as village Huroi in Meghalaya does not have a motorable road to access infrastructure.

Trekking into Meghalaya is quite tough due to long distance of basic amenities from Meghalaya-Bangladesh border village of Hunoi.

Majority of income (approx 70-90%) of the village is in Takas.

People falling sick, women suffering from labour pain and for other daily needs trek into Bangladesh and trade in Bangladeshi currency Takas.

These people regret crossing fence and going to Bangladesh but they are left with no choice. If they have to use facilities within the state they have to trek for 4-5 hours but trekking in Bangladesh takes 1-2 hours.

Medical emergency in Umkiang primary health centre on Indian side is a five hour trek through the jungle whereas Bangladesh hospital in Kanaighat is an hour journey.

Apart from Huroi, there are 3 other villages that depend on Bangladesh. These are Lejri, Lahalein and Hingara. These 4 villages have about 3800 residents who earn majority of revenues in Takas.

Along the fencing Border Security Force (BSF) has built a new road not meant for civilians but frequented by Lejri and Lahalein residents.

Unfortunately the road passes over a river which has only a footbridge which does not allow transporting heavy goods.

These people are desperate to cross fence through treacherous rivers and sell goods to Bangladeshi businessmen and few have drowned mid-stream.

Villagers have protested that “if Indian government doesn’t want to fix the road, it is better to remove fence and give us to Bangladesh so that we do not risk our lives every day”.

Politicians visit Huroi with tall claims of better roads and then disappear for five years. Villagers decided to boycott 2018 state elections but district’s deputy commissioner Lhuid, promised them of better health system and setting up a mobile tower before the elections.

The matter reached the PMO last year when two college students penned a letter detailing the lack of facilities and villager’s ordeal. They wrote that they had to survive on the mercy of Bangladeshi people.

But for people who are in age bracket of 50-70 years, nothing is more important than road.

Due to lack of roads, they lose their children and drove them insane with grief. Some of them lost their new born babies.

I hope government will do something as soon as this story reaches them.

Why diseases should be named carefully

Disease names can have consequences. Yes this is true.

Government agencies generally do not pay attention whenever disease is named. This is not only in India but is prevalent in other countries also.

Swine flu has nothing to do with pigs but pigs were slaughtered in some countries at the time of spread of Swine Flu. In 2009 Egypt ordered killing of 300,000 pigs to stop its spread.

Spanish flu did not originate from Spain. Many organizations working on Spanish flu brought Spain to limelight claiming it to be the source of this disease and hence Spain could not censor reports and figures on this disease though some of the countries censored this.

HIV was first called “gay related immune deficiency” or GRID leading heterosexuals to underestimate the risk of unprotected sex.

What happens inside quietest place on Earth

Do you know which the quietiest place on Earth is?

It is Microsoft office in Redmond headquarters in USA. To be precise Anechoic chamber is the exact place at -20.6 dB.

There are six concrete rooms within rooms that enclose the chamber and can reduce the noise of a jet taking off to a whisper.

Literal meaning of Anechoic is echo free.

Year 2015 saw the world record of -9.4dB in Orfield Laboratories in Minneapolis.

 

Let’s walk through sounds heard at different decibels (dB) which is a measurement unit of sound.

10 dB is the sound of normal breathing.

0 dB is the lowest limit of sound that a human ear can hear.

Negative dB is the sound that a human ear cannot hear.

-24 dB is the noise produced by colliding air molecules and this quietness is outside vacuum.

-20.6 dB is the sound limit inside the Anechoic chamber. The room is so quiet that you can hear your blood flow.

 

 

Sudden change in colour of Bosphorus strait connnecting Europe & Asia

Have you heard of Bosphorus Strait?

This strait connects continents of Asia and Europe in Istanbul, capital of Turkey.

People noticed this change as the colour of strait was bluish earlier and changed to milky turquoise this week.

This sudden change has been attributed by scientists to increasing level of pollution in the sea and surge in a species of plankton across the Black Sea.

Other reasons cited are earthquake in the region on 12th Jun 2017 afternoon and surge in micro organism Emiliania huxleyi popularly known as Ehux.

If this continues, it may endanger species of fish and other animals living in the sea in this area and may result in decline in tourism and protests by environmentalists.

 

China plans to catch an asteriod and living on it

China plans to do mining and start living on an asteroid.

But before that China plans to find, catch and land on an asteroid. It has plans to catch first asteroid latest by 2020 and make it livable.

This was confirmed by Chinese chief commander of lunar exploration program Ye Pijian

China wants to build space station on the asteroid so that it can command over the world through satellites and check what is happening around the globe.

Ye also said to a Chinese state-run science and technology newspaper that the asteroids located near the Earth have “precious metals,” according to the South China Morning Post, and that the mining could offset the expensive cost of space exploration.

Bermuda Triangle-Mystery in deep Ocean

Bermuda Triangle.

There are many things associated with this. But one thing never escapes our mind which is vanishing of ships and aircrafts once it enters Bermuda Triangle.

This lies in the western part of the North Atlantic Ocean.

Scientists believe that this happens due to very strong electromagnetic waves that forces ships and aircraft beneath the sea and pulls it down very deep onto the surface of the ocean. Even signals are lost in this process and hence no strong evidence has come till now even though scientists across globe are doing research on this.

One more thing- Believe it or not. The Bermuda Triangle had been described earlier in Rig Veda & Atharva Veda also.

Now Planes can Land on Circular Runways

Planes have to wait for long time before landing at airports in case the runway is not free or another flight has to land. The flight is in queue wasting lot of energy, fuel and time and making noise pollution.

Now the concept of circular runways is underway where planes can land at any point reducing wastage of time, efforts and fuel and will also reduce noise pollution and frustration.

This will be done keeping in mind the wind direction.

This concept will become reality only Dutch scientist Henk Hesselink and his team at the Netherland Aerospace Centre succeeds in their experiment.

This will be a 360 Degrees airport and will have greener environment.