Tooth enamel, located on outer side of our teeth, is the hardest tissue on the body that protects us for a very large part of lifetime.
However unlike other tissues of the body, tooth enamel once lost cannot be regenerated causing pain and tooth loss. These problems affects >50% of world population.
Scientists have developed a material with remarkable precision that look and behave like dental enamel. The mineralization platform opens up opportunities to treat and regenerate dental tissues as per Sherif Elsharkawy from Queen Mary University in the UK. The study has been published in the journal Nature communications.
To develop this material, scientists used a specific protein material that triggers and guides growth of apatite nanocrsytals at multiple scales.
Using this material many major dental problems like prevention and treatment of tooth decay or tooth sensitivity (known as dentin hypersensitivity) have been addressed.